Ask a Question

Advanced Search

Alert ID : GN080722155248

Last Modified : 11/28/2022

DigiCert G5 root and intermediate CA certificate update

URGENT

Description


Move to G5 root certificate hierarchies postponed

To increase our fifth-generation (G5) root ubiquity and provide more time to get them into the major browser and operating system trust stores, DigiCert has postponed updating our default public issuance of TLS/SSL certificate to new, public, fifth-generation (G5) root and intermediate CA (ICA) certificate hierarchy.

On March 8, 2023, DigiCert will update our default public issuance of TLS/SSL certificate to public second-generation (G2) root and intermediate CA (ICA) certificate hierarchies. See
DigiCert root and intermediate CA certificate updates 2023.

 

DigiCert will update this article as new information and rollout date become available.


The industry will soon require Certificate Authorities (CAs) to start issuing TLS/SSL certificates from single-purpose roots that chain to single-purpose ICA certificates. To prepare for this change, DigiCert has created new, single-purpose, public, fifth-generation (G5) root and intermediate CA (ICA) certificate hierarchies for issuing public TLS/SSL certificates.

 

DigiCert brand certificates

 Brand  Validation type  Product
 DigiCert

 OV

  • Basic OV
  • Secure Site OV
  • Secure Site Pro SSL
  • Cloud
  • Standard SSL
  • Multi-Domain SSL
  • Wildcard
  • Secure Site SSL
  • Secure Site Multi-Domain SSL
  • Secure Site Wildcard SSL
 DigiCert   EV
  • Basic EV
  • Secure Site EV
  • Secure Site Pro EV SSL
  • Extended Validation SSL
  • EV Multi-Domain SSL
  • Secure Site EV SSL
  • Secure Site EV Multi-Domain SSL
 GeoTrust  DV
  • GeoTrust DV SSL
  • GeoTrust Cloud DV
  • GeoTrust Standard DV
  • GeoTrust Wildcard DV
 GeoTrust  OV
  • GeoTrust TrueBusiness ID OV
 GeoTrust  EV
  • GeoTrust TrueBusiness ID EV
 RapidSSL  DV
  • RapidSSL Standard DV
  • RapidSSL Wildcard DV
 Thawte  DV
  • Thawte SSL 123 DV
 Thawte  OV
  • Thawte SSL Webserver OV
 Thawte  EV
  • Thawte SSL Webserver EV
 Encryption Everywhere  DV
  • Encryption Everywhere DV
 

Why is DigiCert moving to new root and ICA certificates?

The industry will son require Certificate Authorities (CAs) to stop issuing public TLS/SSL certificates from multipurpose1 roots and ICA certificates to reduce the scope of certificate issuance from any given certificate chain. This change mitigates the impact of changes in the industry and CA/Browser Forum guidelines for root, ICA, and end-entity certificates. For more information, see Mozilla's CA/Prioritization.

Each new single-purpose G5 root chains to a single-purpose ICA certificate. Each new single-purpose G5 ICA certificate will only issue a single type of end-entity certificate.

1Note: Multipurpose root and ICA certificates issue different types of certificates, such as TLS, code signing, and client. The new G5 root and ICA certificates restrict each type of certificate to its own dedicated hierarchy.

What are root and ICA certificates used for?

Root certificates

Root certificates are the anchor of public certificate trust. CAs work with operating systems, browsers, and other applications to get their root certificates included in trust stores to ensure that your public certificates are trusted.

CAs use public root certificates to issue Intermediate CA certificates. They don't use public root certificates to issue your public TLS certificates.

ICA certificates

CAs use ICA certificates to issue TLS and other digital certificates. The ICA certificate links your TLS certificate to the trusted root certificate, enabling browsers and other applications to trust it.

For more information about certificate chains and how they work, see How Certificate Chains Work.

How do new root and ICA certificates affect me?

New ICA certificates

Rolling out new ICA certificates typically doesn't require additional work as long as you always install the DigiCert-provided ICA certificate when installing your TLS certificate.

With new ICAs, no action is required unless you do any of the following:

  • Pin ICA certificates
  • Hard-code the acceptance of ICA certificates
  • Operate a trust store

If you do any of the above, we recommend updating your environment. Stop pinning or hard-coding ICA certificate acceptance or make the necessary changes to ensure certificates issued from the new ICA certificates are trusted (in other words, they can chain up to their ICA and trusted root certificates).


New root certificates

Rolling out new root certificates typically doesn't require additional work* unless you do any of the following:

  • Pin root certificates
  • Hard-code the acceptance of root certificates
  • Operate a trust store

If you do any of the above, we recommend updating your environment. Stop pinning or hard-coding root certificate acceptance and distribute DigiCert G5 roots to the local trust stores to ensure certificates that chain up to the new G5 root certificates are trusted. 

Installing a cross-signed root certificate

Until our new G5 roots have the same ubiquity as the older DigiCert root certificates, we recommend installing the DigiCert-provided cross-signed root along with the intermediate CA certificate included with each TLS/SSL certificate issued from a G5 root certificate hierarchy.

Installing the cross-signed root certificate ensures your TLS certificate remains trusted even when its G5 root certificate is missing from a needed trust store.

See Install the DigiCert G5 cross-signed root CA certificate.

How do root and ICA certificate replacements affect my existing certificates?

Rolling out new root and ICA certificates does not affect your existing certificates. We only remove old ICA and root certificates from certificate stores once all certificates issued from them have expired to ensure active certificates issued from the replaced root and ICA certificates continue to be trusted.

However, it does affect existing certificates if you reissue them after you switch to a new root and intermediate CA (ICA) certificate hierarchy. DigiCert will issue reissued and duplicate certificates from the new G5 root and ICA certificate hierarchies. When installing the reissued or duplicate certificate, make sure to include the new DigiCert-provided ICA. We also recommend installing the provided cross-signed root certificates.

Best practice

Install the DigiCert provided ICA certificate

When installing a certificate, you should always include the DigiCert-provided ICA certificate. DigiCert has always recommended this best practice to ensure your certificate can link to its root certificate and be trusted.


Install the DigiCert provided cross-signed root certificate

Installing the cross-signed root certificate ensures your TLS certificate remains trusted even when its G5 root certificate is missing from a needed trust store.
 
Until our new G5 roots have the same ubiquity as the older DigiCert root certificates, you should always install the DigiCert-provided cross-signed root along with the intermediate CA certificate included with each TLS/SSL certificate issued from a G5 root certificate hierarchy.

DigiCert has always recommended this best practice when we move to new root CA certificates to ensure certificatesthat link to the new root certificate hierarchies are trusted.
See Installing a cross-signed root above.
 

Root and Intermediate CA certificate replacements


Visit the DigiCert Trusted Root Authority Certificates page to download copies of DigiCert ICA and root certificates.
 
G5 TLS Root certificates

 New root certificate  Not valid after  Serial number  Test URL
 DigiCert TLS ECC P384 Root G5  January 14, 2046, at 23:59:59 UTC 09:E0:93:65:AC:F7:D9:C8:B9:3E:1C:0B:04:2A:2E:F3  Test URL
 DigiCert TLS RSA4096 Root G5  January 14, 2046, at 23:59:59 UTC  08:F9:B4:78:A8:FA:7E:DA:6A:33:37:89:DE:7C:CF:8A  Test URL
 

G5 Intermediate CA certificates
 
 New Intermediate CA certificate  Issuing root CA certificate
 DigiCert G5 TLS ECC SHA384 2021 CA1  DigiCert TLS ECC P384 Root G5
 DigiCert G5 TLS RSA4096 SHA384 2021 CA1  DigiCert TLS RSA4096 Root G5
 GeoTrust G5 TLS ECC P-384 SHA384 2022 CA1  DigiCert TLS ECC P384 Root G5
 GeoTrust G5 TLS RSA4096 SHA384 2022 CA1  DigiCert TLS RSA4096 Root G5
 Thawte G5 TLS ECC P-384 SHA384 2022 CA1  DigiCert TLS ECC P384 Root G5
 Thawte G5 TLS RSA4096 SHA384 2022 CA1  DigiCert TLS RSA4096 Root G5
 RapidSSL G5 TLS ECC P-384 SHA384 2022 CA1  DigiCert TLS ECC P384 Root G5
 RapidSSL G5 TLS RSA4096 SHA384 2022 CA1  DigiCert TLS RSA4096 Root G5